Most of the time, we can hear the word ‘curfew’ from our parents or legal guardians. Most of us if not all, have an experience with it. In your adolescent years, you might think of it as your parent’s punishment for being out of the house for too long that you will only have a specific time to be out at night. But do you know that the word curfew is a legal term and there are laws that concern about it?
The Different Types of Curfew
Curfew laws are laws that would restrict, limit or prohibit the right of the subject to be out in public at specific hours, or in other cases, oblige businesses to close their stores or offices during specified hours. For instances, these time restrictions order the citizens of a given state or city what amount of time they are allowed in public places. There are three main types of curfew laws: Youth or Juvenile curfew laws, Emergency curfew laws, and Business curfew laws. Below are short explanations of each law.
- Youth or Juvenile curfew laws – The main aim of this law is defined as the maintenance of the social order of a certain place and the prevention of possible committed crimes by under-aged citizens. Juvenile curfew laws are implemented in many states or cities which prohibits under-aged citizens to go to business establishments or public places in specific hours (usually during at night). However, there are instances that such law is waived when an underage is being accompanied by a parent or a guardian and experiencing an emergency.
- Emergency curfew laws – There are city laws that allow a high ranking official or anyone in charge of the city or state to have the power to implement curfew-related actions in response to any local or state emergencies. If you consider what happened in the pasts to most of the cities, the main reasons of emergency curfews were because of some disastrous events that cannot be prevented such as blizzards, wildfires, hurricanes, riots in the public and also acts of terrorisms. Thus, in simple terms, emergency curfews are being implemented by the state’s government during the crisis, catastrophic events, and even natural disasters.
- Business curfew laws – There are a number of cities that implemented business curfew laws to request business establishments to cease in operation especially during late-night hours. It usually starts at 11 o’clock in the evening up until 5 o’clock in the morning. Just like the youth curfew law, the main reason for business curfew law is to prevent the increase of untoward violence and incidence of local crimes. However, this law does not apply to pharmacies and bars that are open 24-hours.
These laws are implemented and regulated to serve its main purpose of securing the welfare of the people in certain cities and state. They aim to provide assurance of low crimes and casualties in public areas that might happen if not attended.